Composition history[ edit ] Boito began consideration of an opera on the Faustian theme after completing his studies at the Milan Conservatory in Mefistofele is one of many pieces of classical music based on the Faust legend and, like many other composers, Boito used Goethe 's version as his starting point.
The Prioress, a Nun, is no exception, but Chaucer does not directly say how she represents the four vows but rather it is what he does not say that leads people to believe the Prioress is the exact opposite of what is expected of a nun that has committed herself to the four vows.
Men and women of the church are expected to live in poverty and hold no worldly possessions. The Prioress spoke of owning little dogs, which is strictly prohibited in a convent, and treating them exceptionally well and being extremely attached to them.
By owing these dogs she violated the vow of poverty but the most apparent item that she owns is a gold broche that and leads the reader to believe that she was not entirely devoted to the church.
Chaucer spent a great deal of time explaining how she was extremely obsessed with her etiquette, that hints to the reader that she is more suited to be a beloved lady rather than a nun. In the days of Chaucer, women used excellent etiquette to attract and keep lovers.
This indicates that the Prioress in not completely faithful to her vow of chastity, but rather a woman of promiscuity.
The vow of obedience, in reference to the Prioress, is probably the most odd vow of the four, since he never mentions it. While Chaucer is describing the Prioress he never once mentions how she serves God or nothing of that sort.
This leaves the reader wondering if she serves God well or does not, but it is obvious that she has failed to follow the other vows and that this one is no exception. A nun should pray, study, do service to God, and live a confined life free from temptation, but the Prioress has already violated the first three vows and those have to be followed to successful fulfill the vow of obedience.
It is obvious that she does not pray everyday since Chaucer never mentions it and her service to God. She is not obedient to the Rule of order because she acts as an individual rather than a servant to God.
With that knowledge the reader can conclude that the Prioress does not live a sheltered life or a life that is solely dedicated to the service of God. It can be easily said that she has violated every vow, but Chaucer never comes out and say it straight forward.
He leaves it up to the reader to decide how they picture the Prioress. Ther was also a nonne, a prioresse, That of hir smylyng was ful symple and coy; Hire gretteste ooth was but by seinte loy; And she was cleped madame eglentyne.
Ful weel she soong the service dyvyne, Entuned in hir nose ful semely, And frenssh she spak ful faire and fetisly, After the scole of stratford atte bowe, For frenssh of parys was to hire unknowe. At mete wel ytaught was she with alle: She leet no morsel from hir lippes falle, Ne wette hir fyngres in hir sauce depe; Wel koude she carie a morsel and wel kepe That no drope ne fille upon hire brest.
In curteisie was set ful muchel hir lest. Hir over-lippe wyped she so clene That in hir coppe ther was no ferthyng sene Of grece, whan she dronken hadde hir draughte. Ful semely after hir mete she raughte. And sikerly she was of greet desport, And ful plesaunt, and amyable of port, And peyned hire to countrefete cheere Of court, and to been estatlich of manere, And to ben holden digne of reverence.
But, for to speken of hire conscience, She was so charitable and so pitous She wolde wepe, if that she saugh a mous Kaught in a trappe, if it were deed or bledde. Of smale houndes hadde she that she fedde With rosted flessh, or milk and wastel-breed.
But soore wepte she if oon of hem were deed, Or if men smoot it with a yerde smerte; And al was conscience and tendre herte.Similarly, Gladys, the angelic heroine of Alcott's full-length sensation novel, A Modern Mephistopheles, suggests the complexity of women's nature, its intellectual and emotional range, by playing the villainous Vivien from Tennyson's Idylls of the King.
But even entirely off-stage Alcott's heroines strike poses and assume disguises, play roles and contrive scenes. William Shakespeare Comedies - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. A Modern Mephistopheles - Louisa May Alcott I loved this.
A little difficult to read but worth the effort. Alcott was a brilliant writer, who unfortunately was not allowed to publish outside of a certain genre. Makes me think of Melville -- see my review of Confidence Man/5(45). y introduction surveys Shakespeare’s comedy, finding it his natural mode while indicating also its superb range, from knockabout farce to visionary romance.
Lisa Marciano studies the dark comedy of Twelfth Night, where Viola and Feste serve as the most charming of moral teachers. A Teacher’s Guide to the Signet Classics Edition of Christopher Marlowe’s Doctor Faustus 3 AN INTRODUCTION While written in the Renaissance language that often challenges high school and college students, Mephostophilis, ordering him to “do whatever Faustus shall command.” Replying that only Lucifer can command such obedience.