Abbreviation for American Gas Association, the trade association of the gas distribution and transmission industry. Active Corrosion Continuing corrosion of pipeline facilities, which unless controlled, could result in leaks. Anode The positive pole or electrode of an electrolytic cell; anodes are attached to steel pipelines to prevent corrosion.
Checking item on blockchain explorer. These data silos discourage interoperability and open standards, rarely cover a product's full supply chain, and are often unable to capture the first mile from the original source.
There are some exceptions. Among them, Tally-O allows organisations to track the origin of their fish within their processing facilities. The data is then encoded and printed on the label and imported again in the next facility that also uses Tally-O.
Open standards allow Provenance and other providers to create common interfaces for ERP software.
Interoperability Standards allow unconnected systems to communicate using the same language, structures and identifiers. GS1for example, manages a closed set of global standards for most supply chain concepts such as barcodes and shipping container codes.
There are, however, very few standards for identifying individual instances of products or their history. We are working to develop this as a community-owned, open standard.
A unique ID in our system takes the form of an address on the blockchain.
More than a simple identifier, fetching the data stored at that address on the blockchain allows any entity to access details about that particular item. It is thus interoperable by default — as long as each entity along the chain commits its transaction to the blockchain in some fashion, the platform or system they use to access the blockchain is irrelevant.
It should also be the SSOT for the full ownership history of each item from first mile to end consumer i. By digitising the supply chain at the first milethese items will be sold along with a digital record. The record will be held on the blockchain, accessible to anyone with the unique identifier attached to the item as a QR CodeRFID tag or using any other hardware technology.
Registering new or transformed items Provenance integrates with existing systems. When raw materials are processed and turned into new products, the corresponding assets on the blockchain need to be updated or transformed accordingly.
For example, a whole fish whose catch was registered to the blockchain initially will leave the factory in multiple cans, which will each need their subsequent sale tracked separately. We will implement the concept of process as a contract on the blockchain to handle this.
To counteract malicious processing, open-source conditions will be defined, publicly enforced by the contract.
Tally-O uses mass balancing to account for the amounts of ingredients used in the transformation. For example, the calculation for a can of Fair Trade skipjack tuna might be g of certified skipjack tuna and 10ml of olive oil. The details of this calculation will be sent to the process contract once the transformation has taken place, and the identifier then encoded in a label that will be passed with the transformed product down the chain.
Accepting transformed items Just as inputs were transferred on the blockchain when physically arriving at the factory, outputs are transferred to the next actor in the chain when leaving the facility. Tally-O is connected to scanners that enable shipping management. Scanning labels containing a reference to the digital asset issued at the transformation step triggers the transfer of that asset to the next actor in the chain.
In short, the blockchain provides an audit layer sitting on top of an existing ERP or other data management system - like Tally-O. This allows data to be shared and mass balancing of certified product to be conducted between two separate factories.
Even more, it allows that data to be joined with data collected from the first mile in a trustworthy way - providing a true end-to-end record without the need to change existing interfaces to data capture. The consumer experience and building an interface for trust Records stored in the blockchain are made accessible to consumers where products are sold or served.
The final part of this pilot explored how the information from origin and the supply chain can be reached and trusted by shoppers towards the end of the chain.OVERVIEW. CONSUMER BEHAVIOR. the study of exchange processes involved in acquiring, consuming, and disposing of goods, services, experiences, and ideas.
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External Influences B.
Internal Influences C. Situational Influences D. Decision-Process Influences PRODUCT POSITION A. Internal Influences B. . Asset Protection for Food Retail in Asset protection is a profession grounded in the concept of mitigating risk.
At the same time, it has evolved into a career calling beyond the boundaries of theft and fraud, and requires a holistic approach that reaches into the core operations of the business.
SilTerra Overview. SilTerra is a project of strategic national interest to promote front-end semiconductor manufacturing and a catalyst for high technology investments in Malaysia. Alcoholism, also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems.
The disorder was previously divided into two types: alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. In a medical context, alcoholism is said to exist when two or more of the following conditions are present: a person drinks large amounts over a long time.